Fire Detection System in India or Fire Alarm Systems (FAS) is an early warning system for industrial or residential complexes. A Fire Alarm System is a passive system, meaning it does not stop the fire from spreading. Fire Alarms can be either motorized bells or wall mountable sounders or horns.
They can also be speaker strobes which sound an alarm, followed by a voice evacuation message which warns people inside the building not to use the elevators. Fire alarm sounders can be set to certain frequencies and different tones including low, medium and high, depending on the country and manufacturer of the device.
The main function of a Fire Alarm System is to give an early warning, that the fire has taken place in the factory or residential complex. This means that, the people in proximity to that area have an early warning to evacuate the building.
The second function of the Fire Alarm System is to, alert the responsible authorities. Here the authorities may be the local Fire Department or the Emergency Action team.
The third function is to support the Fire Brigade, when they enter the building on fire. A Fire Alarm System also provides necessary emergency lighting, so that the Fire Team can navigate through the smoke and the dust.
There are two types of Fire Alarm Systems, based on the detection of location of fire:
- Addressable Fire Alarm Systems.
- Non-Addressable Fire Alarm Systems.
Addressable Fire Alarm Systems:
Addressable Fire Alarm Systems are also called Smart Fire Alarm Systems. This is because along with detection of fire they provide the location of the fire. As and when the fire spreads the FAS, alert accordingly. In addition they may provide an array of other specific services. Up to 250 devices may be connected, to the main control panel of the Fire Alarm System. Fire Alarm Companies in India, have made great strides to make the system more effective and user friendly.
Non-Addressable Fire Alarm Systems:
Non-Addressable Fire Alarm Systems are simple FAS. Their primary function is to alert the occupants that a fire has taken place.
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